Photo library     Around 700 000 photo negatives show all aspects of Belgian art heritage














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Municipality where the object is located. For Belgium, enter the name of the municipality before it was fused and in the language of the region. For Brussels, fill in the name in Dutch or in French, the result is the same. If a term corresponds to several geographical levels, this is specified between square brackets: [localité]/[deelgemeente], [entité]/[spilgemeente], [canton]/[kanton], [province]/[provincie]. For the Brussels-Capital Region, we distinguish between [commune] and [gemeente] when the name is identical in French and in Dutch

Name of the institution where the object is kept (museum, castle, church, collector)

Address (street number) or place in a building

KIK-IRPA object number (object is a generic term for photographed works and documents)

KIK-IRPA negative number

Inventory number of the object in the institution that is owner

Common name; if you are searching for a landscape, you can enter terms as 'rock', 'river', 'pond', 'pasture', 'cornfield'...

Material of which the object consists ('mahogany', 'alabaster', 'slate', 'iron', 'paper'...)

Technique used to make the object. If the technique is the result of an action, use the past participle of the verb. In all other cases, use the common name

Enter the 'name, first name' of the artist or artisan who created the object. For composite surnames, prefixes such as 'van' or 'de' stay in front. If anonymous, enter 'inconnu'

Role of the creator: profession, artistic specialty

Title of the work (given by the artist or by a third party)

Date of manufacture of the object. You can enter a date or a time frame

Style of the object. For example 'baroque', 'Romanesque'

Activity, animal, plant, profession, physical characteristic, etc.

Person represented on an object

Name of biblical figure, saint (enter only the first name, without mentioning 'saint'), biblical scene, historical person in Christian iconography (pope, bishop...). Note that attributes of saint must be searched using the field 'What'

Municipality, wider region (e.g. Asia) or historic name (e.g. Southern Netherlands). For Belgium, enter the name of the municipality before it was fused and in the language of the region. For Brussels, fill in the name in Dutch or in French, the result is the same

Municipality of origin of the object or name of its former owner. Enter 'name, first name

Creator (artist, artisan), function of the creator, collectioner, depicted person or figure (except for saints and historical persons in Christian iconography, to be searched in Christian iconography), role of the person represented

Category of the object, style, function of the creator, title, object name, material, technique, main motif, institution (name), proper name of the object, theme (iconography)

Municipality (of the institution), place of manufacture, place of origin, place depicted in the work. For Belgium, enter the name of the municipality before it was fused and in the language of the region. For Brussels, fill in the name in Dutch or in French, the result is the same

Date of manufacture

General search criterium

Name of biblical figure, saint (enter only the first name, without mentioning 'saint'), biblical scene, historical person in Christian iconography (pope, bishop...). Note that attributes of saint must be searched using the field 'What'

Reproduction of photographic documents from the archives at IRPA is subject to the following conditions:


1. Personal use
 (dissertations, for example)

"© KIK-IRPA, Brussels" must be mentioned next to each photograph.

 

2. Educational or scientific use (no commercial purpose)

Ask for copyright permission (form). Copyright exemption may be granted for scientific or educational requests.

"© KIK-IRPA, Brussels" must be mentioned next to each photo. If the photo appears on a website, this statement must direct users to www.kikirpa.be.

Provide a voucher copy in every language of the publication (except for exhibition panels and websites) within thirty days after publishing.

 


3. Commercial use

Ask for copyright permission (form). As soon as you receive the invoice, a copyright fee of 30€ must be paid for each photo that you use. "© KIK-IRPA, Brussels" must be mentioned next to each photo. If the photo appears on a website, this statement must direct users to www.kikirpa.be.

Send a complimentary copy of the publication in each language (except for exhibit stands and Internet websites.)

 

Important ! When using photos of works of art, it is possible that you must send a separate request to the Institutions or people holding the copyrights on monuments or works of art you would like to reproduce. You must ask for this authorisation if the author of the work of art has died within 70 years. On the IRPA website, we mention the name(s) of the copyright holder(s) next to the photo if we know it. For some works of art, permission to publish photographs might need to be requested from their owner institutions. 

4. Use by the press

Ask for copyright permission There is no copyright fee.
'© KIK-IRPA, Brussels' must be mentioned next to each photo. If the photo appears on a website, this statement must direct users to www.kikirpa.be.
If possible, provide a voucher copy of the article or a link to the coverage.

For any other enquiries pleas contact: copyright@kikirpa.be






Order photos

Most photographs are available for download directly from BALaT. If the photograph is not available or the resolution is too low, you can order it as follows:

  • Download the order form.
  • Fill in your personal details and the required photo negative numbers, e.g. Z003280. You can find this number underneath each photograph. Add a brief description of the photo to avoid misunderstandings.
  • Send the form to shop@kikirpa.be.
We will send you a price quote as soon as we've received your order.

Delivery method:

An email with a download link.

Delivery time:

We will send the images within two weeks of receipt of payment. All orders must be paid in advance.

Prices:

Scan of analogue black-and-white image (JPG/TIFF, min. 300 DPI) €25,00
Scan of analogue colour image (JPG/TIFF, min. 300 DPI) €25,00
Scan of x-ray image (per running m or per 4 films) €35,00
Original digital colour image (JPG/TIFF) €25,00

Discounts:

  • 25% off the purchase price for
    • photographs of (public and private) artists’ and owners' own work
    • all Belgian public services
    • beneficiaries of cultural agreements
  • 50% off the purchase price for students with a student card

Special orders

For special orders, such as lab images, customised enlargements, detail images or faster delivery, you must request a price quote.
Please contact us on + 32 (0)2 739 67 79 or at shop@kikirpa.be.

Copyright:

The use of the photographs for private purposes or for publication is subject to the general conditions. You must request the reproduction right for all forms of publications.

This request for reproduction right relates to KIK-IRPA's copyright on the photos. Some artworks are also protected by copyright themselves. In that case, when publishing the photos, you must request the reproduction right from the owner or the manager of the reproduction rights. In most cases this will be SABAM (the Belgian Association of Authors, Composers and Publishers). If this information is known to us, you will see this in the database instead of the photograph (e.g. © SABAM Belgium).

How do we work?

From photo negative to digital file

The photographs we provide are always of the highest quality possible. Original digital images will be sent in the highest resolution. For analogue images, the original negatives are digitised in high resolution and from edge to edge. Results may differ from the image seen in BALaT. To retain as much nuance as possible in the greyscale images, we digitise them with less contrast than before. You can easily adjust the contrast yourself.

Image B157327 before high-resolution digitisation

Image B157327 after high-resolution digitisation (from edge to edge)

Photo negative numbers explained

The first letters of the negative number provide information about the original photo negative. B123456, for example, is an 18 x 24 cm black-and-white film or glass plate. These measurements will impact the quality and size of the image's digital version. The general rule is: the larger the original photo negative, the better the quality of the digital image.

Overview of first letters of the photo negative number

A 13 x 18 cm Black-and-white
B 18 x 24 cm Black-and-white
C 24 x 30 cm Black-and-white
D 30 x 40 cm Black-and-white
E 9 x 12 cm Black-and-white
F 40 x 40 cm Black-and-white
M 4.5 x 6 cm Black-and-white
N 10.5 x 12.7 cm (= 4 x 5 inch) Black-and-white
T 24 x 36 mm Black-and-white
Di 24 x 36 mm Colour
G 6 x 7 cm Colour
KM 4.5 x 6 cm Colour
KN 10.5 x 12.7 cm (= 4 x 5 inch) Colour
KT 24 x 36 mm Colour
X/Y/Z Original digital image Colour




Frequently asked questions


1. Have all the negatives of the Photo library been entered into the database?

Three quarters of the collection has been entered. New photos are uploaded daily. All photos (mounted prints) can be consulted in the reading room of the Information centre.

http://www.kikirpa.be/EN/246/450/Infotheek.htm

2. Can I download and use a photograph?

Yes. All photos from our online Photo library can be downloaded free of charge. Before publication, however, you must submit a copyright request .

http://www.kikirpa.be/EN/103/332/Droits+de+reproduction.htm

3. How do I find the oeuvre of an artist?

Enter the first letters of the family name of the artist in the field ‘Creator’. You can then choose the full name in the drop-down menu. You don’t have to fill in the other fields.

4. How do I find museum object?

For the maximum number of results, enter the type of object and the municipality of the museum. You don’t have to key in the name of the museum. Example:

Municipality: Lovenjoel
Type of object: painting

Use the menu to the right of the images to refine the results according to various criteria: institution, technique, creator, etc.

5. How do I find an object from a church?

Enter the type of object and the municipality of the church. You don’t have to key in the name of the church. Example:

Municipality: Boutersem
Type of object: chalice

Use the menu to the right of the images to refine the results according to various criteria: institution, technique, creator, etc.

6. How can I search on iconography?

Use ‘Search by fields’ to specify the type of iconography:

  • Iconography person: useful for finding portraits, cabinets, etc. Enter the family name of the person and choose the right person in the drop-down menu, for example, Magritte, René.
  • Christian iconography: useful for finding biblical figures and scenes, for example: Virgin and Child, Adoration of the Magi, Judith.
  • Iconography: general term unrelated to persons and Christian iconography, for example, animal, object, landscape, type of craft.

7. Why does my search gives no results?

There are four possible reasons:

  • You mistyped. Use the thesaurus.
  • You filled in too many fields. If one of the fields gives no results, this also applies for all
  • The KIK-IRPA doesn’t yet have photos of this object.
  • The photos of the object have not yet been entered into the database.

If you need help for your search, don’t hesitate to contact us: informationcentre@kikirpa.be 02/739.67.54

8. Do you have additional photos of an object in the database?

No. When an object is entered into the database, all the photos are included.

9. Are the X-radiographs, infrared reflectographs and any other technical images entered into the database?

No. These documents are archived in the KIK-IRPA intervention files and not in the database of the Photo library. They can only be consulted by appointment. Send an email to: dossiers@kikirpa.be

10. How do I know if there are intervention files (art historical and technical research, condition and conservation reports, preliminary studies) of a certain object?

If there is a file, the number appears in the record of the object. These files can only be consulted by appointment. Send an email to: dossiers@kikirpa.be

11. Can I order a colour reproduction of a black and white photograph?

No. If the database only contains black and white photos of an object, we can not provide colour reproductions.

12. What is the difference between object number and negative number?

The object number is the identification number of an object. The negative number is the identification number of a photo. For one object number there can be several negative numbers.

13. What should I do if a negative is not yet scanned or if the scan does not display correctly?

Send an email with the negative number to: informationcentre@kikirpa.be